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5 Causes of Secondary Infertility in Women

Secondary infertility is a condition where a woman is unable to conceive after previously having a successful pregnancy. It can be a difficult and emotionally taxing experience for couples, and it’s important to understand the potential causes of seeking appropriate treatment. This is mostly found in couples who have been able to conceive the first time naturally but have become infertile on their second attempt.

In such cases consulting an experienced infertility specialist in Kolkata can help you solve the problem. Here are five possible causes of secondary infertility in women.

What are the causes of secondary infertility in women?



This is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and inflammation. Endometriosis can also damage or block the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries and can cause irregular periods, acne, and hair growth. It can also lead to ovulation problems, making it difficult to conceive.

Uterine Fibroids

These are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus and can cause heavy periods, pain, and difficulty with conception. This can later develop into uterus cancer, and it multiplies rapidly when the same comes in contact with the estrogen hormone in the woman.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

PID is an infection in the reproductive organs that can cause scarring and damage to the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus. During unprotected sex, the transmission of bacteria can lead to PID. This problem causes ectopic pregnancy if the woman is aged and can also lead to infertility.


As women age, their fertility naturally declines, making it more difficult to conceive. The decline in fertility is particularly noticeable after the age of 35. Again, most women try to conceive a second child after age 35. Hence, secondary infertility sets in and makes the process difficult.

It’s important to note that secondary infertility can also be caused by a combination of these factors or by unknown causes. If you suspect that you may be experiencing secondary infertility, it’s important to seek medical advice and discuss potential treatment options with your doctor. With the help of fertility treatments, many couples can conceive and start a family.

Visit the Institute of Fetal Medicine for the best infertility treatments. Get the best care and smoothly and successfully enjoy motherhood for the second time.

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How to Choose a Good Fetal Care Clinic for High-Risk Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be risky for some women. The entire process can cause a huge health risk for some would-be moms and their unborn babies too. Thanks to modern medical technologies that nowadays, pregnancy has become less risky than before. If your ob-gyn suspects your case is a high-risk pregnancy, you must opt for a reputable clinic where fetal medicine and care are available.

Kolkata has multiple clinics where Fetal Echocardiography and other clinical tests are done to ensure that the mother and the fetus are in a safe condition. Finding one suitable for you is not tough when you know how to choose the right one.

Vital Factors to Check in a Fetal Care Centre

List of Doctors, Radiologists and Other Technicians

A clinic can provide you with the best service because of its team. Thus, it is important to check the list of doctors and other technicians to ensure that you will receive the best support from the top professionals in this industry. Go through the names of fetal care experts, obstetricians and gynaecologists, along with radiologists and fetal medicine professionals. Check their degrees and experience to be sure about their skills and experience.

Range of Services

A good fetal care unit typically offers a range of services for would-be mothers and their unborn babies. This also includes infertility treatments, special care for high-risk pregnancies, Invasives and Non-invasives, IVF/IUI, USG and blood tests in pregnancy. All these medical examinations are done to monitor the fetus’s and the mom’s health. Fetal medicine experts will check these reports and determine what type of treatments your unborn baby should receive inside your womb to be born healthy.

Advanced Equipment

A modern fetal care unit must have advanced equipment that will help doctors and technicians correct and diagnose the issues in a woman and her unborn baby. The results must be accurate and detect different aspects of one particular medical condition. Complex tests like Fetal Echocardiography and others must be done with modern equipment by skilled and certified
technicians only.

Good Customer Service

Fetal care clinics must have excellent customer service. Generally, people come here with lots of anxiety and stress. It is the responsibility of the clinic’s staff to make them feel comfortable and stress-free with the right guidance and treatments.

IFM Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Institute of Fetal Medicine or IFM offers a range of services and medical options to make pregnancy the most lovable and memorable experience of your life. We have highly advanced equipment in our clinic. Our doctors are the best in their field. Please get in touch with us for more details.

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Important Tips For a Healthy Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a beautiful experience that is blessed for a woman that can not be described in words. However, care that needs to be taken during pregnancy is to ensure the good health of the baby and the mother. Pregnancy care tips will help you take good care of yourself and prepare you for post – the pregnancy phase too. Here are a few pregnancy care tips that every mother needs to remember;

Prescription: Don’t skirt the endorsed medication as an extremely essential and significant pregnancy care tip. Stringently heed the specialist’s guidance and before taking any new pill, guarantee that you counsel your doctor.

Diet: It is essential to have a filling and wholesome eating regimen that upholds you as well as your developing child.

Work out: Though you can’t do weighty activities, guaranteeing you are dynamic and not lazy. You can take the advice from an expert mentor that will train you and give able activities for eager moms.

Positive Mood: The last but not the least pregnancy care tip is to keep an inspirational tone and carry blissful considerations to your brain.

Check-up: Visit your doctor, and he will check different boundaries like your general wellbeing, weight, and nutrient inadequacies. Specialists likewise exhort about the way of life, diet and prescriptions in light of your clinical history.

Folic Acid: Before you intend to get pregnant, begin taking folic corrosive and imperative nutrient pills. Folic corrosive admission precludes pre-birth deserts, and generally, the suggested measurement is 400 micrograms. Specialists by and large recommend one folic corrosive pill to be required consistently.

Propensities: Keep your drinking and smoking propensities in line as over-the-top drinking or smoking damages the child, and the dangers of birth abandonment are expanded. Assuming you have a propensity for drinking a lot of coffee or tea, you want to eliminate that.

Animation: Ensure that you are dynamic and not lazy.

Wellbeing: Children now and again can’t let you know if they are feeling sick or unwell. These may not be actual issues. He could fear a domineering jerk in school and foster nervousness.

Cordial Relationship: Keeping a well-disposed connection with your kid is important. Sans any apprehension or aversion, your youngster needs to talk unreservedly and voice his perspectives with practically no trepidation. Keeping up with correspondence is the key to laying out great relations.

Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Institute Of Fetal Medicine is the renowned institute where you can get the best pregnancy care in Kolkata. To know more visit our website.

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Know The Common Medical Causes Of Male Infertility

If you and your partner are having regular unprotected sex for almost a year but still you are failing to conceive, the reason might be infertility. Either the male or female might be infertile. Recently, there has been a drastic increase in the total number of male infertility cases. Illnesses, chronic health problems, injuries and lifestyle choices are few common causes of male infertility. You can deal with the situation by getting in touch with an infertility specialist. He will conduct a few tests to know the exact cause of infertility before treating it.

Visiting An Infertility Specialist? Know The 4 Medical Causes Of Male Infertility

  • Varicocele

There are veins which drain the testicle. Varicocele is the condition when the veins drain. It is a very common and irreversible cause of male infertility. Though the exact relation between male infertility and varicoceles is still unknown, it might occur due to abnormal blood flow. The condition reduces the quality and quantity of sperm reproduction.

  • Ejaculation Issues

Retrograde ejaculation is the condition when semen enters the person’s bladder instead of coming out of the penis. Few of the common health conditions that can lead to ejaculation issues are medications, spinal injuries, bladder surgery, diabetes, and urethra.

  • Infection

Infections can also cause male infertility by scarring and blocking the passage through which sperms pass. Few of the common types of infections are inflammation of testicles or the epididymis or sexually transmitted infections like HIV or gonorrhoea. Since all infections don’t lead to permanent testicular damage, it is advisable to get in touch with an infertility specialist in Kolkata.

  • Tumors

The male reproductive organs might also get affected due to non-malignant tumors or cancers. They directly affect the gland responsible for releasing hormones associated with reproduction like the pituitary gland. A person with a tumor often has to undergo chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation, impacting male fertility.

  • Hormone Imbalances

Disorders of the testicles can cause male infertility or lead to abnormality of the hormonal system like pituitary, thyroid, hypothalamus or adrenal glands. There are numerous underlying causes of male hypogonadism (low testosterone) or other hormonal issues. Low testosterone levels can cause andropause or male menopause.

Since there are so many causes of male infertility, it’s time you get in touch with the infertility specialists at IFM Kolkata. They follow medically proven techniques to treat fertility issues in couples of all ages.

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Why Are Doppler Tests Important During Pregnancy?

Unlike the older times, modern medicine has made much progress in different fields. Especially in pregnancy and fetus related problems, the usage of different advanced tests and technologies can now give an almost clear picture of the unborn baby and its development. Moreover, the tests are totally safe and completely pain-free. Among such tests, the Doppler test in Kolkata is suggested by all doctors. It is highly effective in detecting the growth, blood flow levels, heartbeats and heart rate of the unborn baby. 

Fetal medicine experts generally prefer running this test on every pregnant woman within the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Since they are safe without any side effects, these tests are an effective way to find abnormalities in the fetus. 

Why are Doppler tests effective?

For would-be moms who are afraid of needles, the Doppler test is a non-invasive process. This is generally done through transvaginal scanning. The Doppler test is important because of the following reasons.

  • It helps to detect blood clots and the possibility of ectopic pregnancy.

  • It scans the images of the fluids and detects the direction of the flow of fluid. 

  • It helps to detect the effective flow of blood through the umbilical cord to the veins and arteries of the fetus. 

  • It helps in the detection of damaged arteries and veins of the fetus.

  • It checks the heartbeats and the heart rates and tries to identify the abnormalities in the same. 

  • It also helps to assess the possibility of kidney malfunctions in the unborn child. 

What is the process of conducting a Doppler test?

This is an easy process and is quite similar to a normal ultrasound. Generally would be moms remain anxious about the pain part. However, Doppler tests are completely safe, and there’s no pain or risk involved in the same either for the mother or the baby. The Doppler test machine is connected with speakers, and with the application of gel on the area, the ultrasound is conducted. 

The doctor listens to the sound waves and makes the diagnosis accordingly. Sometimes the blood pressure of the mother is measured while the test is going on. It is either done through transvaginal scanning or lower abdomen scanning. The choice depends on the agreed opinions of the patient and the doctor. 

Get your Doppler test done at the earliest from certified fetal medicine experts at the Institute of Fetal Medicine. Our specialists will guide you through the process and provide effective advice if any abnormalities are detected after the test. Book your appointment now. 

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Down Syndrome – A High-Risk Factor For Early Mothers and Unborn Babies

From the moment a mother conceives a new life, taking good care of the fetus becomes an integral part of her life. Regular doctor visits, taking medicines on time, getting all prenatal tests done and maintaining a healthy diet – that’s it. A mother is always conscious of her baby’s existence and hence does all the right things for the unborn child.

Down syndrome screening in Kolkata is one such popular tests that doctors recommend for early mothers nowadays. Tests can detect down syndrome generally in the first trimester. Mothers above the age of 35 years are likely to suffer from this syndrome. Not everyone is affected by the same; however, precautions are necessary to avoid future problems.

What to do if the down syndrome is detected during pregnancy?

Every pregnancy is unique. How would you feel if you get the bad news right at the beginning of your first trimester? The mere thought of the same scares many women from availing this test. However, down syndrome is not a very common disease. Generally, women with a family history of the same show signs of this syndrome during the pregnancy.

If you’re the unlucky one, then the bad news is there’s no medicine even if the same is detected. However, confirmation of the same from the test will mentally prepare you and your family members for the upcoming unique child. Remember one important thing – take good care of the mother who is having down syndrome. These mothers generally have a high to medium risk pregnancy.

How are these tests performed?

If you’re scared, then don’t be! This test doesn’t involve any pain. It’s a combination of an ultrasound and a simple blood test. Within 11 to 13 weeks of pregnancy, the ultrasound examination is done on the mother. During the same visit, the doctors will collect your blood samples via the fingerstick.

Beta HCG and Plasma Protein  A components are tested in the blood samples. Although understanding the medical terms might be complicated, as a mother, you should question the doctor until you get everything clear in your mind.

Institute of Fetal Medicine, Kolkata is fully equipped and successfully conducts down syndrome screening in Kolkata for all pregnant women. If your case is severe and needs special attention, then our specialised doctors at IFM will guide you and take extra care while conducting the tests.

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Questions You Should Ask Your Infertility Specialist When you First Meet

It is not until 1993 that experts of reproductive medicine considered infertility as a disease. Before that, it was considered a physical malfunction. After it is defined as an ailment, people become more conscious about consulting infertility specialists and get their advice regarding complicated reproduction system.

Often people find it quite embarrassing to visit an infertility specialist in Kolkata. They find the entire topic as a matter of embarrassment. Though it is extremely private and personal, there is nothing to feel ashamed of. Right diagnosis and proper treatment will get you fast and best solutions.

To obtain this, you need to meet the top infertility doctor near you. But, before that, you should know what questions to ask the doctor when you meet him for the first time.

  • What is your reason for infertility?

Different people have different reasons for infertility. Sometimes, it is the woman who has the issue and sometimes it the man. Even two women might have a totally different reason to be infertile. So, know your reason first from your doctor to understand what is going on inside your body.

  • What is the first line of treatment in your case?

Infertility treatment can be done in many ways. Usually, medication is the first line of treatment. Ask your infertility specialist about your first line of treatment. These medicines will help your body becoming fertile and augment the chance of pregnancy.

  • What is the role of your overall health on infertility?

Since there are different reasons that cause infertility in different people, you need to know what the role is of your overall health condition in this matter. In many cases, health issues like diabetes, cancer, hypothyroid or obesity can stop you from being pregnant. An experienced infertility specialist will suggest you complete health check-up to diagnose the ailment and determine the right cause. If there are other health issues, they will suggest you consult specialists who can treat the same.

  • How to assisted reproductive system work?

There are lots of procedures to solve the issue of reproduction system. An experienced and reliable doctor will suggest you the right assistance after checking you and your partner. ART or assisted reproductive technology involves treatments like IVF and IUI. Your doctor will help you to understand these processes if you need to go through any of these.

At IFM Kolkata, we offer comprehensive treatment to our patients. Be it infertility issue or fatal medicine – you can obtain everything under one roof when you come to IFM Kolkata. We have the most talented, experienced and renowned doctors in our team who have been working in this field for several years.

Please get in touch with our customer service team via phone calls or send us emails.