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Female Fertility And Age – What is The Relation Between Both?

Becoming a mother is one of the most beautiful feelings in every woman’s life. However, with age, the fertility level of women tends to decrease. Due to their busy life schedule, more and more couples are delaying the process of conceiving until their late 30s and 40s. However, this is a wrong decision as the egg count of the female counterparts decreases after 30. Although a woman might not suddenly feel the changes in her body, the ability to get pregnant starts to decline after age 35. 

Why does age create complications for female pregnancy?

A healthy woman is born with approximately 2 million eggs in the ovaries. As they age, the number of eggs that die every month increases. Before the woman reaches puberty, around 11000 eggs for more die every month, this has no relation with birth control pills. After the age of 30, the eggs’ quality also decreases, making it difficult for the women to conceive naturally. Finally, the woman attains menopause when there are no more eggs in the ovary. Sometimes you might find a woman in her late 30s attaining menopause which shows that she has no more eggs left in the ovary. 

What are the risks of getting pregnant after 35 years?

Risk of abnormal chromosome

When a woman conceives later, there is a high risk of pregnancy complications, and she might end up with abnormal chromosomes in the child. Moreover, a child born to a mother in her late 30s or 40s  tends to become unhealthy and underdeveloped. 

Risk of sudden miscarriage

In most cases, even if a natural conception occurs, it might end up with a sudden miscarriage or a stillborn child.

Risk of high blood pressure

Late conception results in an increment in the mother’s blood pressure levels that might create problems during the c-section. 

What are the treatment options for age-related infertility?

Intrauterine Insemination

In this process, the women’s ovaries are stimulated with the help of ovulation injections to develop more eggs. In the next step, healthy for us is injected into the uterus so that the egg is fertilised and the woman can conceive naturally. This is done in women about the age of 40 years. 

In vitro Fertilisation

IVF is one of the most effective infertility treatments for couples. In this process, the remaining eggs are removed from the ovary and fertilised in the IVF laboratory. The fertilised egg is returned to the woman for the natural delivery process.

IFM Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

For IVF and IUI treatment, contact the Institute of Fetal Medicine. We have trained doctors and infertility specialists who can help you with age-related fertilisation complications.

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5 Causes of Secondary Infertility in Women

Secondary infertility is a condition where a woman is unable to conceive after previously having a successful pregnancy. It can be a difficult and emotionally taxing experience for couples, and it’s important to understand the potential causes of seeking appropriate treatment. This is mostly found in couples who have been able to conceive the first time naturally but have become infertile on their second attempt.

In such cases consulting an experienced infertility specialist in Kolkata can help you solve the problem. Here are five possible causes of secondary infertility in women.

What are the causes of secondary infertility in women?



This is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and inflammation. Endometriosis can also damage or block the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries and can cause irregular periods, acne, and hair growth. It can also lead to ovulation problems, making it difficult to conceive.

Uterine Fibroids

These are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus and can cause heavy periods, pain, and difficulty with conception. This can later develop into uterus cancer, and it multiplies rapidly when the same comes in contact with the estrogen hormone in the woman.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

PID is an infection in the reproductive organs that can cause scarring and damage to the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus. During unprotected sex, the transmission of bacteria can lead to PID. This problem causes ectopic pregnancy if the woman is aged and can also lead to infertility.


As women age, their fertility naturally declines, making it more difficult to conceive. The decline in fertility is particularly noticeable after the age of 35. Again, most women try to conceive a second child after age 35. Hence, secondary infertility sets in and makes the process difficult.

It’s important to note that secondary infertility can also be caused by a combination of these factors or by unknown causes. If you suspect that you may be experiencing secondary infertility, it’s important to seek medical advice and discuss potential treatment options with your doctor. With the help of fertility treatments, many couples can conceive and start a family.

Visit the Institute of Fetal Medicine for the best infertility treatments. Get the best care and smoothly and successfully enjoy motherhood for the second time.