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Genetic Testing: Why It Is Important for Fetal Medicine and Care?

Genetic testing is an essential tool that can help identify potential health risks and genetic disorders in unborn babies. This type of medical examination is becoming increasingly common as technological advances make detecting genetic abnormalities early on in a pregnancy easier.

It’s essential to consult with a qualified healthcare provider to discuss the potential risks and benefits of fetal genetic testing and determine whether it’s the right option for you and your family.

How Genetic Testing Helps in Fetal Medicine?

Early detection of probable abnormalities in the fetus through genetic testing in Kolkata can lead to personalized medical care and reduce anxiety in would-be parents. This blog will discuss five important reasons why fetal genetic testing is essential.

1.    Early Detection of Genetic Disorders

Fetal genetic testing can detect genetic disorders early on in a pregnancy, allowing parents to prepare for the birth of a child with special needs. Early detection can also allow parents to make informed decisions about their pregnancy and whether to continue or terminate it if necessary.

2.   Personalized Medical Care

This examination can help doctors provide personalized medical care to the mother and the baby. With the information obtained from this testing, doctors can monitor the pregnancy more closely, provide appropriate medical interventions, and ensure the baby receives the necessary treatment after birth.

3.    Reducing Anxiety and Stress

For parents with a family history of genetic disorders or at risk of passing on a genetic mutation, fetal genetic testing can provide peace of mind. Knowing that their baby has no genetic disorder can help reduce anxiety and stress during pregnancy, allowing parents to enjoy this special time.

4.    Improving Outcomes

Early detection of genetic disorders can lead to better outcomes for the baby. With appropriate medical interventions and treatments, babies with genetic disorders can live longer, healthier lives. In some cases, early detection may even prevent the onset of symptoms or slow down the disorder’s progression.

5.    Family Planning

Genetic testing can help families make informed decisions about their family planning. For couples who have a high risk of passing on a genetic disorder, it can provide valuable information about the risk of future pregnancies. This information can help couples decide whether to have children and how to plan for their future.IFM Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

At the Institute of Fetal Medicine, you can meet and consult some of the top experts in genetic testing and get their support throughout the process. Please get in touch with our team to book your appointment.

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Why Is It Essential to Get A Thalassemia Test Conducted During Pregnancy?

Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the production of haemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Thalassemia is a prevalent disease in many parts of the world. A thalassemia test is essential, especially during pregnancy. If the pregnant mother is detected with alpha thalassemia, the foetus will develop acute anaemia due to a lack of oxygen supply into the cells.

Read on to learn more about the importance of thalassemia testing during pregnancy.

Why is Thalassemia testing important for pregnant women?


Early detection of Thalassemia

Thalassemia is an inherited genetic condition. If both parents are carriers of the thalassemia gene, there is a 25% chance that their child will have thalassemia major, a severe form of the disease. Thalassemia testing during pregnancy can detect the presence of the thalassemia gene in the foetus. Early detection is essential because it allows parents to make informed decisions about the pregnancy.

Better management of Thalassemia

If Thalassemia is detected during pregnancy, the parents can prepare themselves to manage the disease. Thalassemia major requires lifelong blood transfusions and iron chelation therapy, and the earlier these interventions are initiated, the better the outcomes. If the foetus is diagnosed with thalassemia major, the parents can work with their healthcare providers to develop a treatment plan that ensures the best possible outcomes for the child.

Increased prenatal care

Thalassemia testing during pregnancy provides an opportunity for increased prenatal care. If Thalassemia is detected, the parents can work closely with their healthcare providers to ensure the pregnancy is well-managed. Regular check-ups, including ultrasounds and other tests, can help ensure that complications are detected early and addressed promptly.

Reduced risk of complications during delivery

Pregnancies affected by Thalassemia can have increased risks of complications during delivery, such as preterm birth and low birth weight. Thalassemia testing during pregnancy can help identify potential risks and allow healthcare providers to develop a management plan that reduces the risk of complications.

Knowledge for future pregnancies

If Thalassemia is detected during pregnancy, the parents can gain valuable knowledge to help them plan for future pregnancies. They can work with their healthcare providers to understand the risks and explore options, such as genetic counselling, to help them make informed decisions about future pregnancies.

IFM Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Approach the Institute of Fetal Medicine for a thalassemia test during pregnancy. We have state of the art technologies to help with proper thalassemia tests and consultation. To know more, check our website.

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4 Important Questions to Ask A Fetal Medicine Specialist

A high-risk pregnancy is a serious issue that should be handled properly. If you are one of the victims of this type of pregnancy, you should get proper treatment and care. The best tip would be to communicate with a reliable fetal medicine specialist near you.

Challenges of High-Risk Pregnancies:

Each trimester of a high-risk pregnancy may seem like a testing time for you. It can be both scary and stressful. However, communicating with a trusted specialist can help you reduce this stress. By making an appointment, you can remain assured of being more confident and relaxed about the whole process.

What to Ask a Fetal Medicine Specialist Regarding Pregnancy?

While visiting a fetal medicine specialist, you should ask some vital questions to them. Their answers should be able to answer your queries and provide you with the right information about the diagnosis. Some of these questions are discussed in detail below.

Are there Some Recommended Procedures for this Treatment?

Some high-risk pregnancy issues need in-utero surgery to fix the problem. These include critical issues like spina bifida. Others can be cured through regular monitoring or non-surgical treatments. Either way, your fetal medicine specialist will outline the treatment to solve your issue.

What Should I Expect from the Rest of My Pregnancy?

High-risk pregnancies generally do not follow the path of a regular pregnancy. You need to be more sensitive about your condition and be in constant touch with your specialist. You may expect frequent appointments, monitoring, and in some cases, be prepared for surgery. However, you should not panic about the outcomes and ask your concerns about your doctor.

Are there some symptoms of high-risk pregnancies?

Risky pregnancies often accompany several physical symptoms. You may face some physical discomfort like nausea, fatigue or high blood pressure. To confirm these symptoms, you should communicate with your fetal medicine specialist. They will be able to provide proper answers to your questions. You may also get tips from the doctor’s end to keep yourself healthy during this crucial period.

These are some questions that you should ask your infertility specialist in Kolkata regarding high-risk pregnancies. You can remain assured of getting proper assurance, guidance and treatment from their end. For better assistance, you must take help from Institute of Fetal Medicine. They are a trustworthy source known to treat infertility and perform tests like genetic testing. For more information, you can visit their website.


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5 Causes of Secondary Infertility in Women

Secondary infertility is a condition where a woman is unable to conceive after previously having a successful pregnancy. It can be a difficult and emotionally taxing experience for couples, and it’s important to understand the potential causes of seeking appropriate treatment. This is mostly found in couples who have been able to conceive the first time naturally but have become infertile on their second attempt.

In such cases consulting an experienced infertility specialist in Kolkata can help you solve the problem. Here are five possible causes of secondary infertility in women.

What are the causes of secondary infertility in women?



This is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and inflammation. Endometriosis can also damage or block the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries and can cause irregular periods, acne, and hair growth. It can also lead to ovulation problems, making it difficult to conceive.

Uterine Fibroids

These are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus and can cause heavy periods, pain, and difficulty with conception. This can later develop into uterus cancer, and it multiplies rapidly when the same comes in contact with the estrogen hormone in the woman.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

PID is an infection in the reproductive organs that can cause scarring and damage to the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus. During unprotected sex, the transmission of bacteria can lead to PID. This problem causes ectopic pregnancy if the woman is aged and can also lead to infertility.


As women age, their fertility naturally declines, making it more difficult to conceive. The decline in fertility is particularly noticeable after the age of 35. Again, most women try to conceive a second child after age 35. Hence, secondary infertility sets in and makes the process difficult.

It’s important to note that secondary infertility can also be caused by a combination of these factors or by unknown causes. If you suspect that you may be experiencing secondary infertility, it’s important to seek medical advice and discuss potential treatment options with your doctor. With the help of fertility treatments, many couples can conceive and start a family.

Visit the Institute of Fetal Medicine for the best infertility treatments. Get the best care and smoothly and successfully enjoy motherhood for the second time.

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Answering the Frequently Asked Questions About NIPT Test

NIPT Test is the acronym for Noninvasive Prenatal Testing. It is a process where the blood of the expecting mother is used to find congenital abnormalities in the DNA of the foetus. The test can provide results of probabilities about vital genetic disorders like Down Syndrome. It can be tested once the mother reaches ten weeks of pregnancy.

Commonly Asked Questions About NIPT:

As NIPT is a cell-free DNA test, parents have many questions. They ask their doctors about different aspects of the test, from its effectiveness to costs. If you are considering going for this test, it is better to remain informed about its basics. We discuss some popularly asked questions in the following section.

Which Issues Can be Screened by NIPT?

NIPT is a very common test, but it cannot screen all genetic disorders or ailments. It can detect some genetic problems of the foetus, like:

1. Down Syndrome
2. Sex Chromosome
3. Disorders
4. Trisomy 13 and 18

However, before going for a NIPT, you should communicate with your healthcare assistant. They can inform you about the NIPT Panel and the disorder that it can detect. The test has different panels that can diagnose some particular genetic issues of the foetus.

How Accurate are these tests?

The accuracy of NIPT largely depends on the genetic issue you want to find. Other minor factors can also affect the accuracy of the NIPT, including:

1. Surrogacy
2. Obesity
3. Pregnant with Multiple Children

The chances of NIPT producing false or inaccurate results are nearly non-existent. It is about 99% accurate in detecting Down Syndrome and shows a fair accuracy in detecting Trisomy 18 and 13.

Is NIPT During Pregnancy a Vital Need?

NIPT is completely a personal choice of the parents. It does not come under mandatory pregnancy tests. If you wish to discuss the screenings in more detail, you can go for NIPT and allied prenatal tests. You can also discuss with your healthcare provider the need for NIPT.

When Can You Get the Results of NIPT?

NIPT generally takes two weeks to get processed. You may get the result after this period. However, in some tests, you can achieve the results sooner than two weeks. Your healthcare assistant will first analyse the results and then share the details with you.

Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

If you need quality assistance in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing or NIPT, you should contact an expert source like Institute of Fetal Medicine (IFM). We are one of the prominent clinics that can provide accurate NIPT results. For more details, you can visit our website today.

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4 Interesting Facts about Maternal Fetal Medicine

Maternal Fetal Medicine is a subspecialty of obstetrics. It mainly focuses on providing specialised care for mothers and fetuses that may be at risk of medical complications before, during, and after childbirth. When you visit and consult a Maternal Fetal Medicine Specialist, he or she can guide you regarding medicines, treatments, tests and lifestyles that a mother with a high-risk pregnancy should follow to keep everything under control till the delivery of the baby.

But, before you consult a maternal-fetal medicine specialist in Kolkata, you must know some interesting facts about this subspecialty of obstetrics.

Things You Must Know about Maternal Fetal Medicine

Here are four interesting facts about Maternal-Fetal Medicine:

1. Maternal Fetal Medicine specialists provide prenatal care for high-risk pregnancies. These specialists can diagnose, detect, and manage problems that could potentially arise during pregnancy or labour. This includes identifying genetic conditions or congenital disabilities, monitoring fetal growth and development, prescribing medications to treat any issue with the mother or fetus, as well as providing emotional support to the mother during a difficult time.

2. Maternal Fetal Medicine specialists also perform specialized tests to identify potential health issues in pregnant women and their unborn babies. These tests include ultrasound imaging, amniocentesis (which tests for genetic abnormalities), chorionic villus sampling (to test for chromosomal disorders), and non-stress testing (which monitors contractions).

3. In addition to diagnosis and treatment of maternal and fetal conditions, Maternal Fetal Medicine physicians often act as advocates for the mother-to- be’s rights; they work hard to ensure that she receives the best possible care throughout her pregnancy and labour experience. They may even coordinate referrals to other specialists if needed or requested by the patient.

4. Maternal Fetal Medicine doctors commonly collaborate with other medical professionals such as gynaecologists, midwives, neonatologists, anaesthesiologists, genetic counsellors, dieticians/nutritionists, social workers/case managers, therapists/counsellors, lactation
consultants/breastfeeding experts in order to provide comprehensive care for pregnant women and their unborn babies. It’s important that all members of the team work together to ensure a healthy outcome for both mother and baby before delivery day arrives!

Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Institute Of Fetal Medicine is the right place for expecting mothers who are going through a high-risk pregnancy and need constant monitoring of specialists to ensure the good health of their unborn babies. We have highly advanced equipment, technologies and facilities to perform all the modern
medical examinations and treatments. We have a range of treatments monitored and delivered by the most qualified specialists in this industry.

Please get in touch with us for more information.

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4 Interesting Facts about Maternal Fetal Medicine

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Terms Related to Infertility Treatment that You Should Know

The term ‘infertility’ evokes a sense of fear and tension in many. Infertility is a physical condition where either of the parents cannot produce their offspring for some defect. Infertility casts a negative and devastating effect on family planning.

Cure Infertility with Proper Treatment

However, all hope is not lost. A person affected by this disability can overcome tough situations with medical treatment. They must visit a renowned infertility specialist for proper diagnosis and step-by-step treatment. Visiting a doctor can also help one to get the right information regarding infertility and its effects.

Common Terms of Infertility Treatment

When someone goes for infertility treatment, it is a whole new experience. The patient might not be aware of all the medical terms and their uses. This blog contains the terms related to this treatment that one should definitely know.

 Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

To know this term, one has to recollect their basic biology lessons. It is a hormone that plays a major role in the mother and father’s reproductive system. For males, it helps in better production of sperm. It is also responsible for egg development in the female body.


It is a situation where the mother misses their regular menstrual routine. In short, it is when someone misses their period. If the regular menstrual function of the mother is not in sync, it can be a sign of an underlying condition.


It is an X-ray procedure. It determines if there are any blockages in the fallopian tube of the mother. A particular type of dye is inserted into the female body. It is expected to drain out of the fallopian tube. After this procedure, the surgeon continues with HSG.

Artificial Insemination

It is a function that increases the chances of fertilisation. This procedure includes the introduction of clean sperm into the uterus. The process is also commonly known as Intrauterine Insemination or IUI.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

In cases of poor sperm health, the doctors go on with this procedure. Here, the carefully selected and stored sperm is injected into an egg. This process has better chances of increasing the chances of fertilisation than other injection processes.

These are some common terms and procedures of Infertility treatment that one should keep in mind. If one is searching for a qualified infertility specialist, they can get in touch with the Insitute of Fetal Medicine Kolkata (IFM). We are one of the reputable names in treating infertility with medically approved procedures. For more details about us, one can visit our website.

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How to Choose a Good Fetal Care Clinic for High-Risk Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be risky for some women. The entire process can cause a huge health risk for some would-be moms and their unborn babies too. Thanks to modern medical technologies that nowadays, pregnancy has become less risky than before. If your ob-gyn suspects your case is a high-risk pregnancy, you must opt for a reputable clinic where fetal medicine and care are available.

Kolkata has multiple clinics where Fetal Echocardiography and other clinical tests are done to ensure that the mother and the fetus are in a safe condition. Finding one suitable for you is not tough when you know how to choose the right one.

Vital Factors to Check in a Fetal Care Centre

List of Doctors, Radiologists and Other Technicians

A clinic can provide you with the best service because of its team. Thus, it is important to check the list of doctors and other technicians to ensure that you will receive the best support from the top professionals in this industry. Go through the names of fetal care experts, obstetricians and gynaecologists, along with radiologists and fetal medicine professionals. Check their degrees and experience to be sure about their skills and experience.

Range of Services

A good fetal care unit typically offers a range of services for would-be mothers and their unborn babies. This also includes infertility treatments, special care for high-risk pregnancies, Invasives and Non-invasives, IVF/IUI, USG and blood tests in pregnancy. All these medical examinations are done to monitor the fetus’s and the mom’s health. Fetal medicine experts will check these reports and determine what type of treatments your unborn baby should receive inside your womb to be born healthy.

Advanced Equipment

A modern fetal care unit must have advanced equipment that will help doctors and technicians correct and diagnose the issues in a woman and her unborn baby. The results must be accurate and detect different aspects of one particular medical condition. Complex tests like Fetal Echocardiography and others must be done with modern equipment by skilled and certified
technicians only.

Good Customer Service

Fetal care clinics must have excellent customer service. Generally, people come here with lots of anxiety and stress. It is the responsibility of the clinic’s staff to make them feel comfortable and stress-free with the right guidance and treatments.

IFM Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Institute of Fetal Medicine or IFM offers a range of services and medical options to make pregnancy the most lovable and memorable experience of your life. We have highly advanced equipment in our clinic. Our doctors are the best in their field. Please get in touch with us for more details.

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Know the Different Causes and Treatments of Infertility

Infertility might be caused due to a few elements in the male or female reproductive system. In any case, making sense of the reasons for infertility is now and again unrealistic. In the female reproductive system’, infertility might be brought about by:

• Tubal problems, for example, impeded fallopian tubes, which are thus brought about by untreated physically communicated contaminations (STIs) or complexities of perilous early termination, post-pregnancy sepsis or stomach/pelvic medical procedure
• Problems of the ovaries, for example, polycystic ovarian condition and other follicular issues
• Problems with the endocrine framework cause irregular characteristics in regenerative chemicals. The endocrine framework incorporates the nerve centre and the pituitary organs. Instances of normal problems influencing this framework incorporate pituitary diseases and hypopituitarism.

The Primary Diagnosis of Infertility

Before infertility testing, your primary care physician or centre attempts to figure out your sexual propensities and may suggest working on your possibility of getting pregnant. Infertility assessment can be costly and now and then includes extensive methods. A few clinical plans may not take care of the expense of ripeness treatment.

Tests For Women

You might have an actual overall test, including a standard gynaecological test. Definitive infertility tests might include:

Ovulation testing

A blood test estimates chemical levels to decide if you’re ovulating.
Hysterosalpingography assesses the state of your uterus and fallopian tubes and searches for blockages or different issues. X-Ray contrast is infused into your uterus, and an X-Ray is taken to decide whether the hole is ordinary and to check whether the liquid pours out of your fallopian tubes.

Ovarian save testing

This testing decides the number of eggs accessible for ovulation. This approach frequently starts with chemical testing in the feminine cycle.

Imaging tests

A pelvic ultrasound searches for uterine or ovarian sickness. Sometimes, a sonohysterogram, also called a saline imbuement ultrasound image, is utilised to view subtleties inside the uterus that are not seen on a standard ultrasound. Depending upon your circumstance; seldom your testing might include:


Depending upon your side effects, your primary care physician might demand a hysteroscopy to search for uterine sickness. During the technique, your PCP embeds a slim, lit gadget through your cervix into your uterus to see any irregularities.


This negligibly obtrusive medical procedure includes making a little entry point underneath your navel and embedding a meagre review gadget to inspect your fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. A laparoscopy might recognise endometriosis, scarring, blockages or inconsistencies of the fallopian tubes, and issues with the ovaries and uterus.

Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Institute Of Fetal Medicine is a repeat Infertility Specialist clinic in Kolkata. To know more about us, visit our website.