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4 Important Questions to Ask A Fetal Medicine Specialist

A high-risk pregnancy is a serious issue that should be handled properly. If you are one of the victims of this type of pregnancy, you should get proper treatment and care. The best tip would be to communicate with a reliable fetal medicine specialist near you.

Challenges of High-Risk Pregnancies:

Each trimester of a high-risk pregnancy may seem like a testing time for you. It can be both scary and stressful. However, communicating with a trusted specialist can help you reduce this stress. By making an appointment, you can remain assured of being more confident and relaxed about the whole process.

What to Ask a Fetal Medicine Specialist Regarding Pregnancy?

While visiting a fetal medicine specialist, you should ask some vital questions to them. Their answers should be able to answer your queries and provide you with the right information about the diagnosis. Some of these questions are discussed in detail below.

Are there Some Recommended Procedures for this Treatment?

Some high-risk pregnancy issues need in-utero surgery to fix the problem. These include critical issues like spina bifida. Others can be cured through regular monitoring or non-surgical treatments. Either way, your fetal medicine specialist will outline the treatment to solve your issue.

What Should I Expect from the Rest of My Pregnancy?

High-risk pregnancies generally do not follow the path of a regular pregnancy. You need to be more sensitive about your condition and be in constant touch with your specialist. You may expect frequent appointments, monitoring, and in some cases, be prepared for surgery. However, you should not panic about the outcomes and ask your concerns about your doctor.

Are there some symptoms of high-risk pregnancies?

Risky pregnancies often accompany several physical symptoms. You may face some physical discomfort like nausea, fatigue or high blood pressure. To confirm these symptoms, you should communicate with your fetal medicine specialist. They will be able to provide proper answers to your questions. You may also get tips from the doctor’s end to keep yourself healthy during this crucial period.

These are some questions that you should ask your infertility specialist in Kolkata regarding high-risk pregnancies. You can remain assured of getting proper assurance, guidance and treatment from their end. For better assistance, you must take help from Institute of Fetal Medicine. They are a trustworthy source known to treat infertility and perform tests like genetic testing. For more information, you can visit their website.


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How to Choose a Good Fetal Care Clinic for High-Risk Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be risky for some women. The entire process can cause a huge health risk for some would-be moms and their unborn babies too. Thanks to modern medical technologies that nowadays, pregnancy has become less risky than before. If your ob-gyn suspects your case is a high-risk pregnancy, you must opt for a reputable clinic where fetal medicine and care are available.

Kolkata has multiple clinics where Fetal Echocardiography and other clinical tests are done to ensure that the mother and the fetus are in a safe condition. Finding one suitable for you is not tough when you know how to choose the right one.

Vital Factors to Check in a Fetal Care Centre

List of Doctors, Radiologists and Other Technicians

A clinic can provide you with the best service because of its team. Thus, it is important to check the list of doctors and other technicians to ensure that you will receive the best support from the top professionals in this industry. Go through the names of fetal care experts, obstetricians and gynaecologists, along with radiologists and fetal medicine professionals. Check their degrees and experience to be sure about their skills and experience.

Range of Services

A good fetal care unit typically offers a range of services for would-be mothers and their unborn babies. This also includes infertility treatments, special care for high-risk pregnancies, Invasives and Non-invasives, IVF/IUI, USG and blood tests in pregnancy. All these medical examinations are done to monitor the fetus’s and the mom’s health. Fetal medicine experts will check these reports and determine what type of treatments your unborn baby should receive inside your womb to be born healthy.

Advanced Equipment

A modern fetal care unit must have advanced equipment that will help doctors and technicians correct and diagnose the issues in a woman and her unborn baby. The results must be accurate and detect different aspects of one particular medical condition. Complex tests like Fetal Echocardiography and others must be done with modern equipment by skilled and certified
technicians only.

Good Customer Service

Fetal care clinics must have excellent customer service. Generally, people come here with lots of anxiety and stress. It is the responsibility of the clinic’s staff to make them feel comfortable and stress-free with the right guidance and treatments.

IFM Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Institute of Fetal Medicine or IFM offers a range of services and medical options to make pregnancy the most lovable and memorable experience of your life. We have highly advanced equipment in our clinic. Our doctors are the best in their field. Please get in touch with us for more details.

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Your Common Queries About Fetal Echocardiography Have Been Answered

Fetal echocardiography is very similar to ultrasounds. Your gynaecologist might advice you to undergo the test during your second trimester to see the function and structure of the child’s heart. The best time to undergo the test is between 18 to 24 weeks. Sound waves are used to understand the structure of the fetus’s heart.

A picture or echocardiogram is created by a machine analysing the sound waves. The doctor can get a clearer image of the baby’s heart which makes it easier for them to assess how the heart is forming and whether it is properly functioning. They can see how blood is flowing through the heart and identify abnormalities in the heartbeat or in blood flow.

When Do Doctors Use Fetal Echocardiography?

Let your doctor decide whether you will require a fetal echocardiogram or not. All pregnant women don’t need it. An experienced ultrasonographer or ultrasound technician will perform the test. The result will be reviewed by someone specialising in paediatric medicine. Though you can also undergo a basic ultrasound to check the development of the baby’s heart, a fetal echocardiogram gives a clearer image of the baby’s heart. Your doctor will advise you to undergo the procedure if the ultrasound test wasn’t conclusive or an abnormal heartbeat was detected in the fetus during the previous test.

Few More Situations When You Might Need A Fetal Echocardiography Test

  • There is a risk of heart abnormality or other heart conditions in the unborn child.

  • You have taken medicines like prescription acne drugs or epilepsy drugs as they are known for causing heart diseases.

  • You have a history of heart disease in your family’s history

  • You are suffering from medical conditions like diabetes, rubella, lupus or phenylketonuria.

  • Your previous child was born with a heart condition

  • You have consumed alcohol or drugs during your pregnancy.

What Do You Mean By Abdominal Echocardiography?

Fetal Echocardiography in Kolkata is quite similar to an ultrasound. The technician conducting the test will ask you to lie down in a straight posture which will expose your belly. They will apply a lubricating jelly so there is no friction while they are moving the ultrasound transducer. The device is used to receive and send sound waves over the skin. The jelly transmits high-frequency sound waves sent by the transducer. You can return to your normal activities after they clean off the jelly.

Since your common queries about fetal echocardiography have been answered, it’s time you get in touch with the experts at IFM Kolkata.

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Know The Common Medical Causes Of Male Infertility

If you and your partner are having regular unprotected sex for almost a year but still you are failing to conceive, the reason might be infertility. Either the male or female might be infertile. Recently, there has been a drastic increase in the total number of male infertility cases. Illnesses, chronic health problems, injuries and lifestyle choices are few common causes of male infertility. You can deal with the situation by getting in touch with an infertility specialist. He will conduct a few tests to know the exact cause of infertility before treating it.

Visiting An Infertility Specialist? Know The 4 Medical Causes Of Male Infertility

  • Varicocele

There are veins which drain the testicle. Varicocele is the condition when the veins drain. It is a very common and irreversible cause of male infertility. Though the exact relation between male infertility and varicoceles is still unknown, it might occur due to abnormal blood flow. The condition reduces the quality and quantity of sperm reproduction.

  • Ejaculation Issues

Retrograde ejaculation is the condition when semen enters the person’s bladder instead of coming out of the penis. Few of the common health conditions that can lead to ejaculation issues are medications, spinal injuries, bladder surgery, diabetes, and urethra.

  • Infection

Infections can also cause male infertility by scarring and blocking the passage through which sperms pass. Few of the common types of infections are inflammation of testicles or the epididymis or sexually transmitted infections like HIV or gonorrhoea. Since all infections don’t lead to permanent testicular damage, it is advisable to get in touch with an infertility specialist in Kolkata.

  • Tumors

The male reproductive organs might also get affected due to non-malignant tumors or cancers. They directly affect the gland responsible for releasing hormones associated with reproduction like the pituitary gland. A person with a tumor often has to undergo chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation, impacting male fertility.

  • Hormone Imbalances

Disorders of the testicles can cause male infertility or lead to abnormality of the hormonal system like pituitary, thyroid, hypothalamus or adrenal glands. There are numerous underlying causes of male hypogonadism (low testosterone) or other hormonal issues. Low testosterone levels can cause andropause or male menopause.

Since there are so many causes of male infertility, it’s time you get in touch with the infertility specialists at IFM Kolkata. They follow medically proven techniques to treat fertility issues in couples of all ages.

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Everything You Need to Know About Fetal Echocardiography

While your baby is still inside your womb, various medical examinations are required to ensure the safety and growth of the fetus. Fetal Echocardiography is one of them. It is similar to ultrasound. An unborn baby can have various medical conditions which have to be diagnosed to eliminate risks and ensure their proper growth inside at this stage.

What Is Fetal Echocardiography?


Medical examinations like fetal echocardiography allow the doctors to inspect and determine the structure of your unborn baby’s heart. The second trimester is the ideal time for doing this examination. Between weeks 18 to 24, your doctor may suggest you for this test.

This examination applies sound waves to get an “echo” of the fetus’s heart to understand its structure. There is a machine that analyses these sound waves to create a picture or echocardiogram to show the interior of the heart’s structure. Doctors obtain valuable information about the structural growth of the fetus’s heart through this picture. They can determine if the heart is working fine or if there are any issues that should be addressed immediately.

When Your Doctor Can Suggest Fetal Echocardiography?


Not all pregnant women are advised by their OB-GYNs to go through this test. A basic pregnancy ultrasound works well for most women. If the previous medical examinations are not good enough or conclusive to determine the condition of your fetus’s heart, then your OB-GYN may recommend Fetal Echocardiography. In case they detect the irregular or abnormal heartbeat of the fetus while examining you, then also this test can be done to be sure.

Your doctor may suggest this test if;

  • There are clinical possibilities that your child will have heart abnormalities or other disorders

  • There is a history of heart disease in your family history

  • You already have a child with a heart condition

  • You have consumed alcohol or drugs during your pregnancy

  • You have consumed medications that can cause heart defects in the fetus

  • You have medical conditions like type 1 diabetes, rubella, lupus, or phenylketonuria.

Usually, an experienced and highly qualified ultrasound technician performs this test as per the recommendation of an OB-GYN.

Your OB-GYN will examine you thoroughly to find out difficulties in your unborn baby’s different body parts and ensure the desired level of growth at various stages of pregnancy.

At IFM, we perform all these critical and advanced medical examinations for fetuses and moms. We have highly trained and qualified technicians along with modern equipment and the right kind of setups.

Please get in touch with us for more information.

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How Does the Sleeping Habit Affect the Fertility Rate?

Healthy sleeping habits are essential for promoting good health conditions. Research shows that women who are either insomniac or get fewer hours of sleep daily are less likely to get pregnant easily than those who follow normal sleeping patterns. According to experts, on average, an individual irrespective of gender, must sleep for at least eight to nine hours. Lack of sleep disturbs a person mentally and impacts negatively on the fertility level of the person.

Infertility specialists in Kolkata suggest infertile couples practice normal sleeping patterns as it helps to reduce anxiety, stress and maintains the hormone balance within the body. Moreover, a healthy immunity system is developed if your sleeping pattern is normal.

It is highly relevant that fertility level depends largely on a healthy lifestyle, weight management and appropriate hormone balance. Since all these are related to normal sleeping patterns, hence maintaining the same is essential.

4 infertility problems faced due to poor sleeping patterns

Hormone imbalance

Hormone balancing takes place when the body is at rest. Thus, when you sleep, your hormone levels increase. In the case of women, the levels of LH hormones tend to decrease if they stay awake through late nights. Thus, infertility specialists suggest women follow a regular sleeping pattern. This relieves them of stress and insitages better ovulation in the female body.

Risk of miscarriage

Night work or shift shifts during the pregnancy period is not an ideal option. The risk of miscarriage is high in case a pregnant woman doesn’t get enough sleep. The body needs double the amount of rest compared to a normal person’s amount of rest. Moreover, the majority of the medicines given during pregnancy are induced with mild sedatives to help the muscles and nerves relax. Since they are taken during bedtime, if the body doesn’t get the required amount of sleep, there’s a fair chance of miscarriage.

Delayed conception

As per the circadian rhythm, if a female body does not follow the regular sleeping pattern, the chances of conceiving early might get delayed. Lack of sleep gives rise to mood swings, irritation, depression, anger and tiredness. Hence, the rate of conception gets delayed as well.

Occurrence of PCOS

Irregular sleeping patterns increase body weight, which gives rise to problems like PCOS, Fibroid tumours, and endometriosis in the female body. These are a few unavoidable problems that make a woman infertile and, in most cases, makes it difficult for her to conceive.

To experience the joy of motherhood, contact experienced infertility specialists at the Institute of Fetal Medicine. Our infertility specialists will guide you through the process and make you aware of the do’s and don’ts of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Book your appointment and discuss your problems with us.

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Few Things To Avoid During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a beautiful phase in every woman’s life. It is one of the greatest gifts of god. Though women have to make some sacrifices during this phase, it is worth the happiness. To ensure your good health and that of your child, you have to get in touch with a fetal medicine specialist. IFM has some of the most experienced, reliable, and dedicated Fetal Medicine Specialists in Kolkata. They will consider your pregnancy complications and let you know whether you have to avoid a few things which can impact you or your unborn child’s health.

Are You Pregnant? Few Things You Should Avoid

  • Alcohol

Though some people believe that consuming a small quantity of alcohol during pregnancy won’t cause much harm, it is advisable to avoid it altogether. When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, it enters their bloodstream, crosses the placenta and reaches the unborn child. It can impact the developing liver of the baby and stop its growth. The baby might have a low birth weight. Consuming excessive alcohol can also lead to miscarriage.

  • Smoking

Even if you are a chain smoker, quit smoking immediately once you find out that you are pregnant. When a woman smokes during her pregnancy, it increases the chances of giving birth to a baby with low birth weight. There are even a few instances when excessive smoking has led to the baby’s premature birth or been born with respiratory problems. Expecting mother’s smoking habits is also linked to miscarriage.

  • Addictive Drugs

Say no to drugs while you are pregnant, as it can impact the normal functioning of your body even when consumed in small quantities. When you intake drugs during pregnancy, it transfers to the unborn child as well. Drugs cross the placenta and pass down to the baby, irrespective of consuming cannabis, ketamine, ecstasy, cocaine, or other illegal drugs.

  • Caffeine

Every experienced Fetal Medicine Specialist in Kolkata will advise you to avoid caffeine during your pregnancy. High levels of caffeine can lead to a low birth rate or miscarriage. If you are a coffee lover, make sure not to exceed the daily consumption of 200mg of caffeine. You can replace your daily cups of coffee with some healthier drinks or herbal teas.

Avoid the items stated above during your pregnancy and get in touch with a fetal medicine specialist to ensure the birth of a healthy child.

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Know in Detail About the Chorionic Villus Sampling Test

A prenatal test, Chorionic Villus Sampling, also known as Chorionic Villus Biopsy, is done by taking a sample of the body tissue from the mother’s placenta, where it attaches to the uterus wall. The test identify genetic problems like chromosomal abnormalities and more. It detects any issues or diseases during birth.  Usually done between the 10th and 12th week of pregnancy, get it done from the center for Chorionic Villus Sampling Test in Kolkata.

The chorionic villi have the same genetic material as the fetus. The placenta is the structure that gives blood and nutrients to the fetus, taking it from the mother’s body.  Some women do a follow-up blood test between 16 to18 weeks to screen for defects in the neural tube.

Types of CVS Procedure

Transcervical procedure– The catheter is inserted inside the placenta through the cervix to get samples of tissues

Transabdominal process–  The doctors insert a needle through the abdomen and the uterus into the placenta to get tissue samples.

Detection of Problems

The CVS test correctly identifies chromosomal difficulties like Down Syndrome and genetic diseases like cystic fibrosis. Doctors detect other conditions like Sickle Cell Anemia or Tay Sachs disease. The doctors consider this test 98% effective to identify the sex of the baby, further detecting other disorders like muscular dystrophy.

Benefits of the Test

While deciding to take the prenatal test is very personal, it has its advantages.

Accuracy: Unlike the screening processes, CVS is a diagnostic whose results are accurate. Whatever the reports are, know that they will always be correct compared to any other system.

Timings: It is done mostly during the first trimester of the pregnancy. Until this time, the mother can research about her condition in detail.

Management: The test reveals if the baby has any genetic conditions. This can have an impact on the mother’s decision to continue the pregnancy. For some women, this becomes difficult otherwise.

Risks of the Test

One of the bigger risks associated with this test is a miscarriage. The possibilities are less since the doctors interpret it via a statistical lens. This will always reassure you about the test and its safety. Other few risks are infection and Rh Sensitization, which is normal. Also, the 1% chance of getting a false positive with CVS remains.

CVS is safe and reliable; if you get it done from good medical institutes like IFM Kolkata, Studies reveal that the chances of a miscarriage are only 0.22%. Hence, it is no risk at all. You can also ask the doctor about it and assess their skill and experience accordingly.

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Why Do You Need the Best Possible Fetal Treatment?

A parent is always prepared to do whatever it takes to extend the excellent care to a child, especially when they are babies. In the postnatal months, parents stay up nights at a stretch sometimes to make sure that the baby is healthy and sleeping well.

Sometimes, the baby needs medical care even before they are born. They can have medical complications as a fetus, and that is when fetal medicine becomes essential.

The Need for Fetal Medicine

1. To Make Sure Your Baby is Born Healthy

There are several tests which can be done to determine whether your baby is healthy inside the uterus or not.

  • CVS test in Kolkata is done in several gynaecological clinics and speciality hospitals. CVS or Chorionic Villus Sampling is done to determine if your unborn baby is in risk from any genetic anomaly, chromosomal abnormalities, or metabolic disorders.

  • Amniocentesis is also a useful prenatal test that can be done upon a doctor’s recommendation to detect possible by-birth diseases such as down syndrome or cystic fibrosis.

2. Reduced Risk of Pregnancy

With any complication in the unborn baby’s health, the mother’s health is also at risk. Permanent tissue damage from complicated pregnancies or even fatality is not at all unheard of.

Parenthood can be a rewarding experience if one plans the pregnancy in their own time. So, one should not leave any stone unturned to make it the easiest and smoothest ride possible. Prenatal fetal medicine is one of the sure-fire ways to ensure that.

3. To Avoid Miscarriage

A miscarriage can be a painful and traumatic experience for any would-be parent. It is no less loss than losing a child.

If you have had miscarriages with your previous pregnancies, you should get yourself checked and treated with fetal medicine to avoid the same fate again.

If your body tends not carrying pregnancies to term, maternal-fetal medicine can help a lot.

Who Can Help You with Fetal Medicine?

A Maternal Fetal Medicine specialist is different from an OB-GYN. These doctors are obstetricians who specialize in high-risk pregnancies and prenatal medicine for the fetus.

Your OB-GYN will recommend you see a maternal fetal doctor if they determine you have potential risks with your pregnancy or your baby might be in a health crisis. If you have any of the following problems, you should consult them anyway.

  • Seizures

  • Autoimmune disorders

  • Heart disease

  • Diabetes

  • Hypertension

Institute of Fetal Medicine in Kolkata offers state-of-the-art testing for amniocentesis, CVS, and prenatal diagnosis of several diseases such as Thalassemia and Down Syndrome. They are a trusted medical centre for undergoing procedures like fetal reductions and treatment of infertility in women.