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4 Important Questions to Ask A Fetal Medicine Specialist

A high-risk pregnancy is a serious issue that should be handled properly. If you are one of the victims of this type of pregnancy, you should get proper treatment and care. The best tip would be to communicate with a reliable fetal medicine specialist near you.

Challenges of High-Risk Pregnancies:

Each trimester of a high-risk pregnancy may seem like a testing time for you. It can be both scary and stressful. However, communicating with a trusted specialist can help you reduce this stress. By making an appointment, you can remain assured of being more confident and relaxed about the whole process.

What to Ask a Fetal Medicine Specialist Regarding Pregnancy?

While visiting a fetal medicine specialist, you should ask some vital questions to them. Their answers should be able to answer your queries and provide you with the right information about the diagnosis. Some of these questions are discussed in detail below.

Are there Some Recommended Procedures for this Treatment?

Some high-risk pregnancy issues need in-utero surgery to fix the problem. These include critical issues like spina bifida. Others can be cured through regular monitoring or non-surgical treatments. Either way, your fetal medicine specialist will outline the treatment to solve your issue.

What Should I Expect from the Rest of My Pregnancy?

High-risk pregnancies generally do not follow the path of a regular pregnancy. You need to be more sensitive about your condition and be in constant touch with your specialist. You may expect frequent appointments, monitoring, and in some cases, be prepared for surgery. However, you should not panic about the outcomes and ask your concerns about your doctor.

Are there some symptoms of high-risk pregnancies?

Risky pregnancies often accompany several physical symptoms. You may face some physical discomfort like nausea, fatigue or high blood pressure. To confirm these symptoms, you should communicate with your fetal medicine specialist. They will be able to provide proper answers to your questions. You may also get tips from the doctor’s end to keep yourself healthy during this crucial period.

These are some questions that you should ask your infertility specialist in Kolkata regarding high-risk pregnancies. You can remain assured of getting proper assurance, guidance and treatment from their end. For better assistance, you must take help from Institute of Fetal Medicine. They are a trustworthy source known to treat infertility and perform tests like genetic testing. For more information, you can visit their website.


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5 Causes of Secondary Infertility in Women

Secondary infertility is a condition where a woman is unable to conceive after previously having a successful pregnancy. It can be a difficult and emotionally taxing experience for couples, and it’s important to understand the potential causes of seeking appropriate treatment. This is mostly found in couples who have been able to conceive the first time naturally but have become infertile on their second attempt.

In such cases consulting an experienced infertility specialist in Kolkata can help you solve the problem. Here are five possible causes of secondary infertility in women.

What are the causes of secondary infertility in women?



This is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and inflammation. Endometriosis can also damage or block the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries and can cause irregular periods, acne, and hair growth. It can also lead to ovulation problems, making it difficult to conceive.

Uterine Fibroids

These are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus and can cause heavy periods, pain, and difficulty with conception. This can later develop into uterus cancer, and it multiplies rapidly when the same comes in contact with the estrogen hormone in the woman.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

PID is an infection in the reproductive organs that can cause scarring and damage to the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for the egg to travel to the uterus. During unprotected sex, the transmission of bacteria can lead to PID. This problem causes ectopic pregnancy if the woman is aged and can also lead to infertility.


As women age, their fertility naturally declines, making it more difficult to conceive. The decline in fertility is particularly noticeable after the age of 35. Again, most women try to conceive a second child after age 35. Hence, secondary infertility sets in and makes the process difficult.

It’s important to note that secondary infertility can also be caused by a combination of these factors or by unknown causes. If you suspect that you may be experiencing secondary infertility, it’s important to seek medical advice and discuss potential treatment options with your doctor. With the help of fertility treatments, many couples can conceive and start a family.

Visit the Institute of Fetal Medicine for the best infertility treatments. Get the best care and smoothly and successfully enjoy motherhood for the second time.

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4 Interesting Facts about Maternal Fetal Medicine

Maternal Fetal Medicine is a subspecialty of obstetrics. It mainly focuses on providing specialised care for mothers and fetuses that may be at risk of medical complications before, during, and after childbirth. When you visit and consult a Maternal Fetal Medicine Specialist, he or she can guide you regarding medicines, treatments, tests and lifestyles that a mother with a high-risk pregnancy should follow to keep everything under control till the delivery of the baby.

But, before you consult a maternal-fetal medicine specialist in Kolkata, you must know some interesting facts about this subspecialty of obstetrics.

Things You Must Know about Maternal Fetal Medicine

Here are four interesting facts about Maternal-Fetal Medicine:

1. Maternal Fetal Medicine specialists provide prenatal care for high-risk pregnancies. These specialists can diagnose, detect, and manage problems that could potentially arise during pregnancy or labour. This includes identifying genetic conditions or congenital disabilities, monitoring fetal growth and development, prescribing medications to treat any issue with the mother or fetus, as well as providing emotional support to the mother during a difficult time.

2. Maternal Fetal Medicine specialists also perform specialized tests to identify potential health issues in pregnant women and their unborn babies. These tests include ultrasound imaging, amniocentesis (which tests for genetic abnormalities), chorionic villus sampling (to test for chromosomal disorders), and non-stress testing (which monitors contractions).

3. In addition to diagnosis and treatment of maternal and fetal conditions, Maternal Fetal Medicine physicians often act as advocates for the mother-to- be’s rights; they work hard to ensure that she receives the best possible care throughout her pregnancy and labour experience. They may even coordinate referrals to other specialists if needed or requested by the patient.

4. Maternal Fetal Medicine doctors commonly collaborate with other medical professionals such as gynaecologists, midwives, neonatologists, anaesthesiologists, genetic counsellors, dieticians/nutritionists, social workers/case managers, therapists/counsellors, lactation
consultants/breastfeeding experts in order to provide comprehensive care for pregnant women and their unborn babies. It’s important that all members of the team work together to ensure a healthy outcome for both mother and baby before delivery day arrives!

Fetal Medicine Unit Kolkata

Institute Of Fetal Medicine is the right place for expecting mothers who are going through a high-risk pregnancy and need constant monitoring of specialists to ensure the good health of their unborn babies. We have highly advanced equipment, technologies and facilities to perform all the modern
medical examinations and treatments. We have a range of treatments monitored and delivered by the most qualified specialists in this industry.

Please get in touch with us for more information.

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4 Interesting Facts about Maternal Fetal Medicine

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Your Common Queries About Fetal Echocardiography Have Been Answered

Fetal echocardiography is very similar to ultrasounds. Your gynaecologist might advice you to undergo the test during your second trimester to see the function and structure of the child’s heart. The best time to undergo the test is between 18 to 24 weeks. Sound waves are used to understand the structure of the fetus’s heart.

A picture or echocardiogram is created by a machine analysing the sound waves. The doctor can get a clearer image of the baby’s heart which makes it easier for them to assess how the heart is forming and whether it is properly functioning. They can see how blood is flowing through the heart and identify abnormalities in the heartbeat or in blood flow.

When Do Doctors Use Fetal Echocardiography?

Let your doctor decide whether you will require a fetal echocardiogram or not. All pregnant women don’t need it. An experienced ultrasonographer or ultrasound technician will perform the test. The result will be reviewed by someone specialising in paediatric medicine. Though you can also undergo a basic ultrasound to check the development of the baby’s heart, a fetal echocardiogram gives a clearer image of the baby’s heart. Your doctor will advise you to undergo the procedure if the ultrasound test wasn’t conclusive or an abnormal heartbeat was detected in the fetus during the previous test.

Few More Situations When You Might Need A Fetal Echocardiography Test

  • There is a risk of heart abnormality or other heart conditions in the unborn child.

  • You have taken medicines like prescription acne drugs or epilepsy drugs as they are known for causing heart diseases.

  • You have a history of heart disease in your family’s history

  • You are suffering from medical conditions like diabetes, rubella, lupus or phenylketonuria.

  • Your previous child was born with a heart condition

  • You have consumed alcohol or drugs during your pregnancy.

What Do You Mean By Abdominal Echocardiography?

Fetal Echocardiography in Kolkata is quite similar to an ultrasound. The technician conducting the test will ask you to lie down in a straight posture which will expose your belly. They will apply a lubricating jelly so there is no friction while they are moving the ultrasound transducer. The device is used to receive and send sound waves over the skin. The jelly transmits high-frequency sound waves sent by the transducer. You can return to your normal activities after they clean off the jelly.

Since your common queries about fetal echocardiography have been answered, it’s time you get in touch with the experts at IFM Kolkata.

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Know The Common Medical Causes Of Male Infertility

If you and your partner are having regular unprotected sex for almost a year but still you are failing to conceive, the reason might be infertility. Either the male or female might be infertile. Recently, there has been a drastic increase in the total number of male infertility cases. Illnesses, chronic health problems, injuries and lifestyle choices are few common causes of male infertility. You can deal with the situation by getting in touch with an infertility specialist. He will conduct a few tests to know the exact cause of infertility before treating it.

Visiting An Infertility Specialist? Know The 4 Medical Causes Of Male Infertility

  • Varicocele

There are veins which drain the testicle. Varicocele is the condition when the veins drain. It is a very common and irreversible cause of male infertility. Though the exact relation between male infertility and varicoceles is still unknown, it might occur due to abnormal blood flow. The condition reduces the quality and quantity of sperm reproduction.

  • Ejaculation Issues

Retrograde ejaculation is the condition when semen enters the person’s bladder instead of coming out of the penis. Few of the common health conditions that can lead to ejaculation issues are medications, spinal injuries, bladder surgery, diabetes, and urethra.

  • Infection

Infections can also cause male infertility by scarring and blocking the passage through which sperms pass. Few of the common types of infections are inflammation of testicles or the epididymis or sexually transmitted infections like HIV or gonorrhoea. Since all infections don’t lead to permanent testicular damage, it is advisable to get in touch with an infertility specialist in Kolkata.

  • Tumors

The male reproductive organs might also get affected due to non-malignant tumors or cancers. They directly affect the gland responsible for releasing hormones associated with reproduction like the pituitary gland. A person with a tumor often has to undergo chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation, impacting male fertility.

  • Hormone Imbalances

Disorders of the testicles can cause male infertility or lead to abnormality of the hormonal system like pituitary, thyroid, hypothalamus or adrenal glands. There are numerous underlying causes of male hypogonadism (low testosterone) or other hormonal issues. Low testosterone levels can cause andropause or male menopause.

Since there are so many causes of male infertility, it’s time you get in touch with the infertility specialists at IFM Kolkata. They follow medically proven techniques to treat fertility issues in couples of all ages.

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Role and Types of Ultrasound Pregnancy Test in Kolkata

From the day of conceiving to the day of delivery, a woman has to undergo emotional, mental and physical turmoil. There can be an unlimited number of complications throughout the pregnancy period. However, most of the complications remain undetected unless an ultrasonography pregnancy test is conducted on the mother.

In the entire 9 months of pregnancy, a mother must undergo many tests, out of which the 3D ultrasonography test in Kolkata is gaining popularity. With the help of this ultrasonography, the doctor can check the foetal development. Moreover, institutes use advanced technology to conduct a 3D ultrasonography test and hence any major complications can be detected, and necessary precautions can be taken to prevent further damage.

Every woman has undergone different ultrasonography tests during their pregnancy period. To know about the importance of availing the same, read on.

Why are ultrasound sonography tests important?

During the pregnancy period, 3 or 4 times, USG is done to check the baby’s development and complications in the pregnancy.

Early visibility scan

This is done at the moment when the individual conceives. The doctors check the number of gestational sacs and the fetus’s heart rates. Along with this, the doctors also check the condition of the uterus and ovary after the woman has conceived. Depending on the same reports, the individual is guided for the later stages of pregnancy.

NT scan

This is done between 11 to 13 weeks of pregnancy. The major reason behind conducting this scan is to check the presence of down syndrome in the child.

Anomaly scan

This scan is generally done between the 18 to 20th weeks of the pregnancy. This is vital USG as in this stage, the doctors check the development of the fetus’s spinal cord, heart, kidney, brain, and limbs.

Growth Scan

This is usually the last USG that a woman has to undergo during the 30th week. This USG shows the position of the placenta, amount of fluid, blood flow and oxygen flow into the baby. Depending on the results, the doctors fix the date of delivery.

 3 types of Ultrasounds

3D ultrasound

You’ll receive 3D images with specific details like the fetus’s height, width, depth, and organs.

Transvaginal ultrasound

This is done by probing through the vagina and gives a clear image of the lower abdomen, ovaries, and position of the placenta.

4D ultrasound

With the help of this USG, you can get a moving video of the foetus along with a clearer picture of the fetus’s face and movement.

For the best 3D ultrasonography pregnancy test in Kolkata, visit the Institute of Fetal Medicine. Our trained experts will help you get a clearer picture of the unborn child. Visit our website for further details.

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What are the Benefits of Conducting a 3D Ultrasonography Pregnancy Test ?

Ultrasounds nowadays are more than shady and indecipherable pictures. 3D and 4D ultrasounds give a clearer view of the insides of the human body. With the help of high-frequency sound waves and special imaging software technology, the 3D Ultrasonography Pregnancy Test in Kolkata is the new trend among conceiving mothers. Having a clear first glimpse of your unborn foetus is certainly this world feeling. 3D ultrasounds have made it easier. The images you get are completely clear and free from obscurities. These ultrasounds produce clearer, sharper and accurate images of your little one.

Say no to the black and white blurry sonography pictures and enjoy the first glimpse of your child with the help of technologically upgraded 3D ultrasound systems. However, this is not the only benefit that 3D ultrasounds can give. They also offer more benefits which are as follows.

It helps to detect abnormalities

With 3D ultrasounds, doctors can see the abnormalities in a baby’s body. If there are any structural or facial abnormalities, then the same can be taken care of during the early stages of pregnancy. Unlike 2D ultrasound, this is more visible through a 3D ultrasound. This helps prepare the parents about the aftercare that they should take for the baby’s defects.

It helps to understand complications in pregnancy

If there is any complication in your pregnancy, a 3D ultrasound will determine the same effectively. Situations of ectopic pregnancy are easily determinable through 3D ultrasound methods. Early detection can save you and help you prevent a complicated pregnancy ahead. Ectopic pregnancy is a complex procedure and can result in a negative outcome.

It helps to monitor baby growth perfectly

The baby’s growth span, especially around 36 to 40 weeks, is easily detectable through 3D ultrasound technology. During this time, the breathing process, lung development and heart rates are observed closely. With the help of 3D technology, any congenital deformities can be detected very soon during the latter parts of the foetus development.

Helps to decide the type of delivery option

Ultrasounds in the latter stage of pregnancy are done to detect the baby’s position within the ovary. With the help of 3D ultrasound, you can easily get a view of the baby’s position and decide the delivery option accordingly. Options for either normal or c section can be easily taken when the doctors use 3D ultrasound.

At IFM Kolkata, we use a safe and secure process for a 3D ultrasound. Avail of our ultrasound services and enjoy a safe and comfortable journey of motherhood.

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How Does the Sleeping Habit Affect the Fertility Rate?

Healthy sleeping habits are essential for promoting good health conditions. Research shows that women who are either insomniac or get fewer hours of sleep daily are less likely to get pregnant easily than those who follow normal sleeping patterns. According to experts, on average, an individual irrespective of gender, must sleep for at least eight to nine hours. Lack of sleep disturbs a person mentally and impacts negatively on the fertility level of the person.

Infertility specialists in Kolkata suggest infertile couples practice normal sleeping patterns as it helps to reduce anxiety, stress and maintains the hormone balance within the body. Moreover, a healthy immunity system is developed if your sleeping pattern is normal.

It is highly relevant that fertility level depends largely on a healthy lifestyle, weight management and appropriate hormone balance. Since all these are related to normal sleeping patterns, hence maintaining the same is essential.

4 infertility problems faced due to poor sleeping patterns

Hormone imbalance

Hormone balancing takes place when the body is at rest. Thus, when you sleep, your hormone levels increase. In the case of women, the levels of LH hormones tend to decrease if they stay awake through late nights. Thus, infertility specialists suggest women follow a regular sleeping pattern. This relieves them of stress and insitages better ovulation in the female body.

Risk of miscarriage

Night work or shift shifts during the pregnancy period is not an ideal option. The risk of miscarriage is high in case a pregnant woman doesn’t get enough sleep. The body needs double the amount of rest compared to a normal person’s amount of rest. Moreover, the majority of the medicines given during pregnancy are induced with mild sedatives to help the muscles and nerves relax. Since they are taken during bedtime, if the body doesn’t get the required amount of sleep, there’s a fair chance of miscarriage.

Delayed conception

As per the circadian rhythm, if a female body does not follow the regular sleeping pattern, the chances of conceiving early might get delayed. Lack of sleep gives rise to mood swings, irritation, depression, anger and tiredness. Hence, the rate of conception gets delayed as well.

Occurrence of PCOS

Irregular sleeping patterns increase body weight, which gives rise to problems like PCOS, Fibroid tumours, and endometriosis in the female body. These are a few unavoidable problems that make a woman infertile and, in most cases, makes it difficult for her to conceive.

To experience the joy of motherhood, contact experienced infertility specialists at the Institute of Fetal Medicine. Our infertility specialists will guide you through the process and make you aware of the do’s and don’ts of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Book your appointment and discuss your problems with us.

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3 Essential Tips for First-time Fertility Appointments

A child is indeed a blessing in every couple’s life. If you get naturally pregnant, then the journey of motherhood becomes memorable. However, there are thousands of couples who have a hard time conceiving a child. Infertility in men and woman has become a common problem nowadays. Unhealthy food habits, excessive work pressure, and lack of personal space are a few points that make a couple infertile and hard to conceive a baby.

For them visiting a good infertility specialist in Kolkata become the only option left. Unlike visiting a gynecologist during pregnancy, this can be an awkward visit! Put your inhibitions away and communicate openly with the infertility specialist. If you don’t tell them about your problem, then the treatment procedure will get delayed.

Depending on you and your partner’s health situation, the majority of the specialists will suggest undergoing IVF. This is a highly successful procedure with a guaranteed chance of conceiving a child if done properly. However, you and your partner have to open up in front of the specialist for the whole process to be successful. The first meeting can be complex and full of inhibitions. Follow a few pointers and start your journey comfortably.

How to communicate with an infertility specialist the first time?

Gather previous health reports

Don’t go unprepared, as this might put you and the specialist into trouble. When you decide to go to an infertility specialist, it means that you’ve tried conceiving naturally and failed in the past. Hence you must have undergone tests as well that highlight your problem. Hence arrange all previous reports like blood test reports, sonography reports, and medication data. Presenting the reports first will help you break the ice.

Note down the important points

Carry a notebook and note down the important points that you discuss in the session. The specialist may not go for IVF readily. They may suggest a few tests, changes in lifestyle, diet, and tell you to start exercising. You must not down the important points so that you start with the same instantly.

Shoot queries as much as possible

Fixing an appointment with the infertility specialist means you must be having a lot of queries in your mind. Ask your doubts. If you refrain from doing so, you might remain stressed even at the end of the session. The idea is to reduce your burden and get a clear view of the treatment procedure.

To experience the joy of motherhood, contact the Institute of Fetal Medicine. We have the best infertility specialists in Kolkata who can treat female infertility through IVF or IUI treatments. Fix your appointment and undergo a simple yet effective treatment to get the most joyful moment of your life.